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The breeding of ornamental fish is another growing market in South Africa. These fish are also reared in intensive farming systems. There are added concerns about transport as well as their lifelong well-being.
The term for fish farming is Aquaculture which involves the breeding, rearing, transport and slaughter of marine and freshwater fish and other aquatic species for food production.
Aquaculture in South Africa consists mainly of freshwater species such as Rainbow trout, brown trout, Koi carp, Ornamental fish, African catfish, Mozambique and Nile tilapia, Marron and Waterblommetjies; and marine species such as abalone, white prawns, oysters, seaweeds, Spanish & Brown mussels, Dusky & Silver Kob; yellowtail, Atlantic Salmon, Clownfish, White Margined Sole, West & East coast rock Lobster, Scallop and Blood Worm. Freshwater species are generally farmed in re-circulating systems, earth ponds or raceways whereas the marine molluscs are farmed on raft or long-lines, and abalone are produced in tanks through which marine water is pumped. The technology and services are well established for species such as trout, catfish, abalone, prawns, oysters, mussels while still lacking for species such as eel, tilapia, cob, tuna and seaweed. Abalone is the big success story of South African aquaculture.
Ref: A Profile of the South African Aquaculture Market Value Chain – 2011 (Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)
Aquaculture in South Africa is still a relatively small industry but is growing rapidly, and the NSPCA is pleased to be involved at this early stage. The NSPCA internationally is renowned for taking a leading role in animal welfare and in this specific area is recognised as being the first animal welfare organisation to be involved at the growing stage of the aquaculture industry.